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Impact of FGM in Egypt

06 Female Genital Mutilation in gypt: ecent trends and projections u FIG.2 Percentage of girls and women aged 15 to 49 years who have undergone FGM, by residence, wealth quintile and education The prevalence of FGM is high across many population groups in Egypt Female genital mutilation and other harmful practices Research studies on the prevalence and classification of female genital mutilation Prevalence of FGM among young Egyptian girls. The Demographic and Health Survey in Egypt in 2000 showed that 97% of married women included in the survey had experienced female genital cutting (i.e. FGM) FGM has many health effects including recurrent urinary and vaginal infections, chronic pain, infertility, hemorrhaging, epidermoid cysts, and difficult labor.7 It has also its psychological impact and abnormalities in the female sexual function. 8. Throughout Egypt, many studies have been conducted to determine the pattern and prevalence of. In 2016, lawmakers in Egypt federally criminalized female genital mutilation.Yet, the practice still persists. Data from the Egypt Health Issues Survey (EHIS) from 2015 shows that the prevalence of FGM among Egyptian girls and women aged 15-49 is 87.2%.As one of the most populous countries in the Middle East and Africa, Egypt likely has the greatest number of circumcised women and girls in the. FGM in Egypt: Culture goes through sea change as law revolutionises. Female Genital Mutilation ( FGM) is not new to Egypt, with as many as 87.2% of the country's women having experienced it. The.

WHO Female genital mutilation and other harmful practice

  1. Female genital mutilation (FGM) has been a longstanding tradition in Egypt and until recently the practice was quasi-universal. Nevertheless, there are indications that the practice has been losing support and that fewer girls are getting cut. This study analyzes the prevalence of FGM in different birth cohorts, to test whether the prevalence declined over time
  2. Impact of female genital mutilation on maternal and neonatal outcomes during parturition. East Afr Med J 2001; 78: 255-8 pmid: 12002086. Allam MF, de Irala-Estevez J, Fernandez-Crehuet-Navajas R, Serrano del Castillo A, Hoashi JS, Pankovich MB, et al., et al. Factors associated with the condoning of female genital mutilation among university.
  3. FGM Free Village Model. The FGM Free Village Model is a project that has been carried in 2005 in Egypt, and it's purpose is to raise awareness for the negative consequences of female genital mutilation and thus stopping it. UNV and UNDP in partnership with the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood (NCCM) worked together on this project

Egypt - Female Genital Mutilation Issued on: 09/12/2019 - 18:18 A counsellor holds up cards used to educate women about female genital mutilation (FGM) in Minia, Egypt, June 13, 2006 With an FGM prevalence of 87.2% among all women aged 15-49 in a population of nearly 95 million, Egypt has the greatest number of women and girls who have experienced FGM of any country in the world. There is a markedly higher prevalence among women and girls living in Upper Egypt than among those living in Lower Egypt and the Urban Governorates Egypt Has Yet to Feel Impact of FGM Ban. In the year since Egypt outlawed female genital mutilation the government hasn't prosecuted a single case. Nonetheless, some activists say the law is a tool, among others, for gradually dismantling an ancient tradition. CAIRO, Egypt (WOMENSENEWS)-This month, 10 villages in Niger, sponsored by UNICEF.

Effect of female genital mutilation on female sexual

Research blog by Serene Chung. A research blog by Serene Chung which investigates the psychological effects of female genital mutilation (FGM) within migrant communities in the United Kingdom. Considering avaiable literature and interviews with experts, Serene analyses the psychological disorders suffered by the individual, considering their migrant cultural identity and also considers the. Female Genital Mutilation: Evidence from Egypt Karim Naguib Boston University, Department of Economics, 270 Bay State Road, Boston MA 02215, USA Abstract Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a traditional procedure of removing the whole or part of the female genitalia for non-medical reasons|typically as a signal of 'quality' in the marriage. Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) continues to be a threat to women's and girls' health and human rights globally. A sizeable body of evidence has developed over the past three decades on the direct health impacts of FGM/C. However, the evidence has been spread out an CAIRO, Egypt - Female genital mutilation has been outlawed in Egypt for more than a decade, but it remains widespread. Yet rather than helping to eliminate the practice, public campaigns highlighting its dangers may have had an unexpected side effect: pushing the procedure from the home to the very place where staff are meant to do no harm - the health facility According to recent data released by Egypt's National Council for Women (NCW) and the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood (NCCM) during the 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence in 2020, the number of girls and mothers reporting actual or potential incidents of female genital mutilation (FGM) reached 1618 reports[] between June 2019 and December 2020

Female Genital Mutilation in Egypt The Borgen Projec

  1. The existing literature is contradictory regarding effects of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) on sexual functions. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of type I and II FGM/C on sexual function of Egyptian women. We recruited 197 cut women and 197 control women from those visiting Assiut University hospitals for different reasons
  2. Egypt in 2015. Participants' age ranged between 23 and 74 years. Interviews were translated, transcribed, and the content analyzed using a thematic content analysis. The five identified themes were: the view on FGM in Egypt vs. around the world, the origin of FGM, FGM's role in religion vs. culture in Egypt, the impact of FGM on a woman'
  3. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a procedure performed on women in developing countries and is underreported; it involves cutting or altering the female genitalia. The health consequences of FGM include bacterial and viral infections, obstetrical complications, and psychological problems. In this study, we report FGM societal importance, ramifications, classifications, cultural significance.

Behind the proliferation of female genital mutilation for some in Egypt is the belief that the procedure is connected to religion. However, the religious establishment in recent years has become heavily involved in campaigning against FGM Egypt is one of three countries where half of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) victims live, despite its ban. To inform policy on the awareness of this ban and the impact of other interventions, this study sought to assess FGM/C-related knowledge, perceptions, and determinants of disagreement with FGM/C and circumcision of future daughters among university students

For example, the percentage of 0 to 17 years old girls, who are expected to undergo FGM reaches 90 percent in some Upper Egypt governorates. Regarding child marriage, the 2014 DHS shows that child marriage affects 6.4 percent of the girls aged 15-17. FGM/C is very widespread in Egypt, and is a deeply entrenched social norm The connection between FGM and education is twofold: education and awareness about the practice and its risks and general educational attainment. Teaching young girls and women about the dangers of FGM is a powerful tool in changing public opinion and reversing the trend. However, the importance of overall education may seem less clear Female genital mutilation (FGM) refers to all procedures involving partial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.[1] FGM is a violation of girls' and women's human rights. While the exact number of girls and women worldwide who have undergone FGM remains unknown, at least 200 million girls and women have.

FGM in Egypt: Culture goes through sea change as law

Introduction. The centuries-old practice of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), also known as female circumcision, is a culturally sanctioned practice1, 2 that consists of all procedures involving partial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.1 According to the WHO typology, there are three main types. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is total or partial removal of external female genitalia for non-medical rationale. The practice is mostly common in sub Saharan Africa. An approximated number of between 100-140 million women have undergone FGM and 3 million girls yearly are perceived to be at risk globally. Somalia has th Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a global health issue. More than 200 million girls and women in 30 countries in Africa, Asia and the Middle East have undergone the practice [], and more than 3.6 million girls are annually at risk [].The impact of FGM/C is also spreading further through migration to other parts of the world including Europe [3,4,5,6], the USA [7, 8], Australia.

Religious leaders as allies to end FGM | The Girl Generation

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a procedure where the female genitals are deliberately cut, injured or changed, but there's no medical reason for this to be done. It's also known as female circumcision or cutting, and by other terms, such as sunna, gudniin, halalays, tahur, megrez and khitan, among others Methods: Changes in attitudes towards FGM are tracked using data from the Egypt Demographic and Health Surveys from 1995 to 2014. Multilevel logistic regressions are used to estimate 1) the effects of indicators of a woman's social position on her attitude towards FGM, and 2) whether these effects change over time Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), a procedure where some/all of the external female genitalia is removed, has a long history here in Egypt. It is carried out for non-medical reasons and is a huge part of women's issues in Egypt and around the region. FGM was outlawed in Egypt in 2008 and was upgraded to a felony in 2016 after a 17-year-old. Association recommended banning FGM/C because of its health impact. This recommendation 3 World Health Organization, 2002. 4 UNICEF (2000), Caritas Egypt - FGM in Egypt, documentary report, prepared by Dr. Magdi Helmi. Key Facts about Female Circumcision (FGM/C The campaign to end FGM in Egypt was fighting an uphill battle before the revolution. Although FGM was outlawed in 2007 after a 12-year-old girl died from the procedure, the practice is still.

The decline of FGM in Egypt since 1987: a cohort analysis

INTRODUCTION Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a prevalent, deeply rooted traditional practice in Egypt. AIMS Specification of the motives behind the continuation of FGM/C in Egyptian community and evaluation of the sexual function in women with FGM/C. METHODS This cross-sectional study, involved 2,106 sexually active female participants with FGM/C. Full history-taking and general. Women's attitudes towards discontinuation of female genital mutilation in Egypt. (FGM) in association with their access to information, knowledge of health effects and cultural beliefs concerning FGM in Egypt. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 9159 women, using data from the household survey in Egypt by Demographic and Health survey 2003.. The most common forms of female genital mutilation (FGM) or female genital cutting (FGC) still widely practiced throughout Egypt are Type I (commonly referred to as clitoridectomy) and Type II (commonly referred to as excision). These practices are widespread but are even more prevalent in rural than urban areas Karhu Rose Kerubo. Female Genital Mutilation and its effects on women and young girls. Järvepää Autumn 2010. 52 p., 2 appendices Diaconia University of Applied Sciences, Diak South, Järvepää Unit. Degree programme in Social Services Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a term used to describe various traditional practice

Morans vow to protect their sisters from FGM in Kenya

Stockholm Syndrome: StepFeed reported last week that a new survey has revealed that the number of individuals who approve of female circumcision in Egypt totaled 32 percent, more than double of those in Iraq (13 percent). What's more, according to the survey, the percentage of individuals who reported approval of FGM was higher among females (51 percent) and lower among males. Termed female genital mutilation (FGM), the removal of female external genitalia is practiced in many countries, but is predominately found in Africa (Banks et al. 2006). Over half of all women and girls who experience FGM live in Egypt, Ethiopia, and Indonesia (United Nations International Children's Fund 2016 ) The UN in Egypt supports all national efforts to end FGM in Egypt. Date: Tuesday, April 6, 2021. The United Nations in Egypt congratulates all women and girls, their families and communities on the Cabinet of Ministers' unprecedented measures and endorsed by the Parliament of Egypt to end Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

WHO Prevalence of female genital cutting among Egyptian

  1. STR New / R A counsellor holds up cards used to educate women about female genital mutilation (FGM) in Egypt, June 13, 2006. FGM is widely practiced in Egypt in all levels of society for Muslims and Christians alike
  2. P eople who request FGM could also face jail time. FGM remains extremely common in Egypt, which has the most cases of FGM in the world, according to UNICEF. A 2016 survey found that 90% of Egyptian women between the ages of 19 and 45 have undergone the procedure, which involves the partial or total removal of the external genitalia
  3. Abdelmonem Hegazy. Female circumcision also called female genital mutilation (FGM) is an ancient practice performed in some culture including Egypt. [1] The history of its performance had preceded the Abrahamic religions. [2] In such procedure, the external genitalia of females are partially or totally removed as well as labial fusion known as.
  4. CAIRO - 6 February 2018: On the International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation, Egypt Today has decided to commemorate the day by raising awareness on the matter again; reviewing the psychological, marital, and societal effects that female genital mutilation plagues women's lives with forever
  5. FGM/C, also known as female circumcision, has a long history in Egypt. She says the practice came from Ethiopia during the Pharaonic era. In 2007 the practice was outlawed after the death of a 12-year-old in Minya. Nonetheless, the vast majority of women between 15 and 49 have endured the procedure

Female genital mutilation (FGM), which is defined as a partial or total removal of external genitalia, or any other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons by the World Health Organization (WHO), is extremely common in Egypt.. According to a 2014 survey, 92 percent of Egyptian women aged between 15 and 49 have been circumcised.. The procedure - which has killed young. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is one of the biggest issues facing Egypt's female population. The United Nations Population Fund estimates that 92 percent of women and girls aged 15-49 in Egypt have undergone FGM. The tradition, whose origins remain an obscure and contentious topic, continues to plague communities across the country, with clitoridectomy being the [ Female genital mutilation (FGM) is prevalent in Iraqi Kurdistan Region, but there is a lack of adequate knowledge about how the practice is perceived by the women population who are the direct victims of the practice. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, beliefs, and attitude of a sample of Kurdish women of FGM and identify the main enabling factors for performing this practice and the.

Projects Inside Of Egypt - Female Genital Mutilatio

Several Muslim leaders have called for an end to the practice. In 2004, after CNN broadcast images of a girl in Cairo undergoing FGM, then Grand Mufti of Egypt Muhammad Sayyid Tantawi declared that hadiths on FGM were unreliable. A conference at Al-Azhar University in Cairo in 2006 saw prominent Muslim clergy declare it unnecessary. After a 12-year-old Egyptian girl died during an FGM. The first mention of male and female circumcision appears in writings by a Greek geographer who visited Egypt around 25 B.C. By Rossella Lorenzi Published on 12/10/2012 at 10:20 A A woman holds a card in her lap warning of the problems with female genital mutilation during a session to educate women in Minia, Egypt, June 13, 2006 The Effects of Female Genital Mutilation. Female genital mutilation was in fact a selfish mindless act derived to deprive females of sexual desires and gratification. It is criminal and barbaric. Female genital mutilation is abuse. It is degrading. A depraving act masked in culture. A violation of the human rights of a person..

5. FGM can have lasting consequences for girls' and women's mental health. The psychological impact of FGM can be devastating and long-lasting. Girls may feel deeply betrayed by the parents who insisted they be subjected to FGM. I felt so much bitterness against my mother, said Dr. Aden, recalling her experience of being cut at age 6 Female Genital Mutilation: The Role of Education Overview of the issue1 Female genital mutilation (FGM), a form of gender-based violence, is known as a harmful There are a range of short term and long term consequences associated with FGM, which can impact a female's entire life. Some examples of consequences and complications are below Egypt is seeking amendments to the country's law against female genital mutilation (FGM) to plug loopholes that allow health practitioners and families of girls who undergo the outlawed procedure to escape punishment. A committee is being formed to study the law and recommend changes to curb the practice, Maya Morsy, head of Egypt's National Council for Women, announced in February

The truth about Female Genital Mutilation in Egypt and beyon

  1. Trends in FGC prevalence. Prevalence rates have decreased in recent years (from 91% in 2008 to 87% in 2015, according to EHIS 2015). Since the 2011 revolution, however, the perception of efforts to end FGC being attached to the overthrown Mubarak regime meant that challenges and obstacles to the work to end FGC in Egypt have increased
  2. Egypt ranks first globally in FGM medicalization. Amr Hassan, the rapporteur of the National Population Council, stated that Egypt ranks first globally in the medicalization of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), with 82 percent of females under age 17 having undergone the operation, Al-Masry Al-Youm reported
  3. ora, and at least the anterior two thirds of the labia majora. The two sides of the vulva are then stitched together and a tiny opening is preserved for passage of urine and later menstrual blood
  4. among immigrant communities, parts of Asia and Pacific, North and Latin America and Europe (World Bank Report on FGM 2005). It is further estimated that up to 3 million girls in sub-Saharan Africa, Egypt and Sudan are at risk of genital mutilation annually in Kenya FGM is practiced only among certain ethnic groups and prevalence rates are intermediate
  5. 6 facts about female genital mutilation (FGM) A teen participant in a graduation from a World Vision alternative rite of passage in West Pokot County, Kenya. Five hundred boys and girls took part in training to prevent female genital mutilation. (©2016 World Vision/photo by Jon Warren) At least 200 million women and girls in 31 countries.
  6. Despite banning female genital mutilation (FGM) in 2007, Egypt has among the highest rates of FGM in the world -- with 87 per cent of girls and women between 15-49 having suffered the painful.

Surname 1 Name of Student: Name of Professor: Course: Date: The Impact of FGM on the Roles of Women Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), also referred to as female circumcision, is any procedure that involves partial or complete removal of external female genitalia or injury to the genitals for non-medical reasons or indications (Abdulcadir et al. 960). In the health care context, FGM is. In partnership with the National Council for Women and UN Women, The Egyptian Center for Public Opinion Research - Baseera, issued an infograph for a survey on Women and COVID-19 Pandemic in Egypt. The poll was conducted on a national representative sample of 1518 females in the age group 18+ during the period from April 4th to April 14th, 2020, with the aim of measuring the effect of COVID-19. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is a global problem. There are an estimated 200 million women and girls all over the world currently living with its effects, of which 44 million are below the age of 15. A further 3 million are still expected to be cut every single year

Female genital mutilation, also known as female genital cutting or FGM, is the practice of intentionally cutting or altering the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. In most societies where FGM happens, it is seen as a cultural tradition and is deeply rooted in inequality between the sexes Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female genital cutting, female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia.The practice is found in some countries of Africa, Asia and the Middle East, and within communities abroad from countries in which FGM is common According to the 2015 Egypt Health Issues Survey (EHIS), 87% of all women aged 15-49 years in Egypt had undergone FGM. Social norms, religion, ensuring premarital virginity and marital fidelity, increasing marriageability, and cultural ideals of femininity and modesty were among the most commonly cited reasons for performing FGM Throughout Egypt, many studies have been conducted to determine the pattern and prevalence of FGM, but those stud-ied the risks of FGM and its effect on women's sexual life are scare.8-13 Therefore, this study was carried out. 2. Objective To study the effects of female genital mutilation on female sex-ual function, Alexandria, Egypt 2013. 2.1 CAIRO, Egypt — In a small hall in central Cairo, a group of women are gathered around talking about sex. All of them have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM), a procedure that usually.

Egypt Has Yet to Feel Impact of FGM Ban - Women's eNew

Some historians believe the FGM tradition dates to as early as 500 B.C. and was practiced in ancient Egypt. In 2007 Egypt's senior Islamic leader, Grand Mufti Ali Gomaa, said the practice was forbidden by Islam, arguing that while it had been accepted in the past, recent health studies of its dangers make it unacceptable By Abby Selden In 2008, Egypt enacted an official ban on female genital mutilation (FGM), following several high-profile stories of girls dying after having the procedure performed. But despite the ban, the practice is still widely performed. According to a 2008 UNICEF-approved survey, 90% of women in Egypt had been subjected to the practice FGM appeared in a list of options of taboo subjects that respondents were asked to choose from. The survey revealed that the number of individuals who approve of female circumcision in Egypt totaled 32 percent, more than double of those in Iraq (13 percent). The horrific practice is illegal yet common in the country Egypt has one of the highest rates of FGM in the world. It has been designated by UNICEF as a 'very high prevalence country'. [6] According to a study conducted by the Egyptian Ministry of Health and Population, 94% of married women had gone through the practice in 2003. [7] Around 91.1% of women between the age 15-49 had gone through the. 2.5 Practice and prevalence of FGM in Kenya 47 . 2.5.1 Types of circumcision performed 48 . 2.5.2 Reasons for practicing FGM 48 . 2.6 Effects of FGM on the Girl-Child 51 . 2.6.1 Health effects of Female Circumcision 5

I wish - A Poem About FGM | The Girl Generation

The Psychological Effects of Female Genital Mutilatio

FGM/C is defined as 'all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs, whether for cultural or other non-therapeutic reasons'. 1 There are four main classifications of FGM/C (Table 1). 1 Type III, or 'infibulation', is the most severe form and accounts for 10. An estimated 8 in 10 girls in countries such as Egypt and Sudan who undergo female genital mutilation (FGM) have the procedure done in healthcare professionals' offices, according to Luay Shabaneh, Regional Director for Arab States in United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).. He added that estimated 52 million women and girls worldwide have had FGM performed on them by doctors, nurses, or. Egypt's tougher penalties for FGM will have little impact, say rights groups Read more Cases normally become public only when women or girls die during the procedure

The Volume Against FGM | Plan International USA

The aim of official legalization and medicalization of FGM was soon recognized as a the present study was twofold: to assess the yearly incidence of FGM factor responsible for its perpetuation, however, and it was completely in Upper Egypt in the 2000 to 2009 period, and therefore the impact of banned 2 years later at both private and. Female genital mutilation is an archaic practice that most likely originated in Pharaonic Egypt. It is dangerous to associate archaic practices, like this one, which alters the emotional, social, and economic state of women and girls for the remainder of their lives, with images of dusty villages in remote areas and shamans using ancient healing methods 12 June 2017 UPDATE: Reportedly, Egypt's Ministry of Health plans to launch an awareness campaign on the negative effects of FGM targeted at medical professionals. We hope to use this to reinforce our call on the Attorney General and the Director of Public Prosecutions to appeal to the Cassation court to reverse the decision in Mayar's case Egypt has a multi-layered strategy to end FGM in the country, which includes improved data on the prevalence of this harmful practice and research to understand its root causes and perceptions More women have undergone FGM in Egypt than any other country. Here, women wait to tell their stories about living with FGM at the Society of Islamic Center near Sohag in January 2015